Vaccination for babies: Parent’s guidebook

Vaccination for babies is necessary right from birth up to the age of 5. It is necessary for developing the child’s immunity against various diseases. Let us discuss the necessary details about vaccination for babies.

What is vaccination?

Vaccination is a process in which a dead microbe is injected into the body to stimulate the immune system against it, thereby preventing disease. As a result of this, the immune system becomes healthy and can fight against any future invasions of bacteria and viruses by producing appropriate antibodies.

What are the types of vaccines?

There are 4 types of vaccines discussed as under:

Live-attenuated vaccines

They use weakened (or attenuated) form of germs to produce antibody and protect against:

  • Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR combined vaccine)
  • Rotavirus
  • Smallpox
  • Chickenpox
  • Yellow fever

Inactivated vaccines

They use dead germs for the purpose and are generally used as protection from:

  • Hepatitis A
  • Flu (shot only)
  • Polio (shot only)
  • Rabies

Subunit, recombinant, polysaccharide, and conjugate vaccines

They use specific pieces of the germ — like its protein, sugar, or capsid and usually protect against:

  • Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b) disease
  • Hepatitis B
  • HPV (Human papillomavirus)
  • Whooping cough (part of the DTaP combined vaccine)
  • Pneumococcal disease
  • Meningococcal disease
  • Shingles

Toxoid vaccines

They use a toxin made by the germ which produce antibodies that protect from:

  • Diphtheria
  • Tetanus

Schedule of vaccination for babies

Vaccination is provided free of cost at all government hospitals. You just have to get yourself a “Mother & Child Security Card” issued post-delivery. The schedule given below is government approved and is valid across India:

At birth

  • BCG (for tuberculosis)
  • OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine)
  • Hepatitis B

After one & a half months

  • OPV1
  • Rota-1
  • Penta-1 (DPT+Hepatitis B+HIB)
  • fIPV-1 (fractional dose of inactivated poliovirus vaccine)

After two & a half months

  • OPV-2
  • Rota-2
  • Penta-2 (DPT+Hepatitis B+HIB)

After three & a half months

  • OPV-3
  • Rota-3
  • Penta-3 (DPT+Hepatitis B+HIB)
  • fIPV-2

After 9 months

  • Measles-1/ MR-1
  • Vitamin A 1
  • JE-1 (for encephalitis)

16-24 months

  • Measles-2/ MR-2
  • OPV Booster
  • JE-2
  • DPT 1st booster

5-6 years

  • DPT 2nd booster

After 10 years

  • TT-1 for tetanus

After 16 years

  • TT-2 for tetanus

Vitamin A schedule

  • 18 months: Vitamin A2
  • 24 months: Vitamin A3
  • 30 months: Vitamin A4
  • 36 months: Vitamin A5
  • 42 months: Vitamin A6
  • 48 months: Vitamin A7
  • 54 months: Vitamin A8
  • 60 months: Vitamin A9

In addition to the above-mentioned vaccines, there are other vaccines too provided by many private clinics.


Do not take immunization of your child lightly. By vaccination, we are making sure our babies are protected against various diseases. To boost your child’s immunity you should give him healthy food. Eat healthily, be healthy, be safe.